Coulomb’s Law

Coulomb’s law or Coulomb’s inverse-square law is a law of physics describing the electrostatic interaction between electrically charged particles. It was first published in 1785 by French physicist Charles Augustin de Coulomb and was essential to the development of the theory of electromagnetism. Nevertheless, in 1767 Joseph Priestley of England conjectured that the force between charges varied as the inverse square of the distance. Read more on – Wikipedia

Video on Coulomb’s Law

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Answer the following questions:

1- What is the force between two small charged spheres having charges of 2 × 10–7C and 3 × 10–7C placed 30 cm apart in air?

2- The electrostatic force on a small sphere of charge 0.4 μC due to another small sphere of charge – 0.8 μC in air is 0.2 N.
(a) What is the distance between the two spheres?

(b) What is the force on the second sphere due to the first?

3- Check that the ratio ke2/G memp is dimensionless. Look up a Table of Physical Constants and determine the value of this ratio. What does the ratio signify?
(a) Explain the meaning of the statement ‘electric charge of a body is quantised’.

(b) Why can one ignore quantisation of electric charge when dealing with macroscopic i.e., large scale charges?

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